Physics, asked by rahulgupta100008, 16 days ago

on a two lane road, car A is travelling with a speed of 36 km/hr. Two cars B and C approach car A in opposite directions with a speed of 54 km/hr each. At a certain instant, when the distance AB is equal to AC, both being 1 km, B decides to over take A before C does. What minimum acceleration of car B is required to avoid an accident?


Answered by Saadqusaim
Speed of car A=36 km/h

=36*5/18=10 m/s

let Vb and Vc be speed of car B and C

Vb=Vc=54 km/h


15 m/s

relative speed of car B with respect to car A,Vba is


relative speed of car C with respect to car A,Vca is


AB=AC=1 km



Let t be the time taken by car AC




Let a be the accelaration of car B for time t =40 sec






a=1 m/s^2
Answered by Anonymous




Velocity of car A,

vA = 36 km/h = 10 m/s

Velocity of car B,

vB = 54 km/h = 15 m/s

Velocity of car C,

vC = 54 km/h = 15 m/s

Relative velocity of car B with respect to car A, vBA = vB – vA = 15 – 10 = 5 m/s

Relative velocity of car C with respect to car A, vCA = vC – (– vA) = 15 + 10 = 25 m/s

At a certain instance, both cars B and C are at the same distance from car A i.e., s = 1 km = 1000 m

Time taken (t) by car C to cover 1000 m = 1000/ 25 = 40

Hence, to avoid an accident, car B must cover the same distance in a maximum of 40 s. From second equation of motion, minimum acceleration (a) produced by car B can be obtained as:

S= ut +1/2 at^2

1000= 5 × 40 = 1/2 ×a × (40)^2

a = 1600/1600 = 1 m/s^2

I hope, this will help you


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