Project report on problems of Health occur during summer in delhi.
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Summer and the health issues that it brings with it
K. Shiva Shanker
HYDERABAD 04 MARCH 2019 00:12 IST
UPDATED: 04 MARCH 2019 08:18 IST
Sun stroke apart, urinary tract infections and muscle cramps are common in the season
The rising temperature, which is predicted to cross 45 degree Celsius in a few weeks in Telangana, not just makes one think about preventing sun strokes, but other health issues that are common in summer.
Urinary tract infections are one among these, apart from muscle cramps and heat exhaustion that makes a person dull.
Experts stress on the importance of balancing electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, that are crucial for the functioning of the brain and the nervous system. For instance, sodium generates electrical signals that are important for the functioning of the brain, muscles, nerves and other organs in a human body.
According to World Bank experts, the next war among neighbouring countries and cities worldwide will be for “water” and this is a scenario the experts have predicted to take place by 2020. But in reality, in Delhi, the national Capital, the war over water has already started. There has been a continuous war going on between Delhi and Haryana regarding the sharing of water between the two States but nothing has been officially finalised. The national Capital has been facing severe water scarcity for a very long time, and now things have worse.
Why there is water scarcity in Delhi?
Well, there is not one but many causes for the water problem in Delhi. We cannot ignore its fast paced population growth. We cannot ignore the fast paced growth of slums in various localities in Delhi. Thousands of people live in Delhi without adequate water supply and sanitation services. The reason being the groundwater table is depleted. Also, the warmer climate and deficit rainfall have also led to the growth of water shortages in the Capital.
These are the general causes:
In fact, Delhi Jal Board (DJB) who is responsible for water supply and management has not been able to arrange proper distribution of water. Most parts of the city have no piped connections. Various localities depend on tankers.
In summers, it is a perpetual problem in Delhi. Every year, Delhi has to depend on other neighbouring States like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Uttarakhand for water supply, when it has in its heart the Yamuna river. The reason being there has always been poor water management. A lot of water gets wasted.
The Delhi Jal Board is to be blamed as it has not been able to keep its infrastructure and equipment in better condition. Most of the water , around 52%, gets wasted due to leaks in the pipelines of the DJB.
There is also no proper water treatment and waste disposal facilities in the Capital. The poor sewage treatment causes the shortage of potable water as there are no proper means to treat sewage water for re-use.
There are around 600 water bodies, which need to be replenished.
Also, distribution of water haphazardly, loss of water in transmission and distribution, unauthorised use of water and unmetered water supply have all contributed towards water shortage in the Capital.
Row between Delhi and Haryana
The former Chief Minister, Sheila Dixit, during her tenure, had blamed the Haryana Government for the acute shortage of water in Delhi as Haryana had drastically reduced raw water supply. On the other hand, the then Haryana Chief Minister Bhupendra Singh Hooda had stated that Delhi was getting more water than its due share. However, on December 1, 2014, the new Haryana Government agreed to find a positive solution to the drinking water problem in Delhi. At the meeting between the higher officials of both the States, several issues such as proper allocation of waters from the Yamuna and Ravi-Beas rivers, the proportion of water in different water treatment plants in Delhi and the construction of Munak canal for supplying Delhi’s portion of water and so on, were discussed.