English, asked by kavitanathani, 5 days ago

व्हाट इज मेंट बाय इलेक्ट्रॉनिक कंफीग्रेशन ऑफ एन एलिमेंट​


Answered by manjeet1217


The electron configuration of an element describes how electrons are distributed in its atomic orbitals. Electron configurations of atoms follow a standard notation in which all electron-containing atomic subshells (with the number of electrons they hold written in superscript) are placed in a sequence. For example, the electron configuration of sodium is 1s22s22p63s1.

Electron Configuration

However, the standard notation often yields lengthy electron configurations (especially for elements having a relatively large atomic number). In such cases, an abbreviated or condensed notation may be used instead of the standard notation. In the abbreviated notation, the sequence of completely filled subshells that correspond to the electronic configuration of a noble gas is replaced with the symbol of that noble gas in square brackets. Therefore, the abbreviated electron configuration of sodium is [Ne]3s1 (the electron configuration of neon is 1s22s22p6, which can be abbreviated to [He]2s22p6).

Electron Configuration Notation

Electron Configurations are useful for:

Determining the valency of an element.

Predicting the properties of a group of elements (elements with similar electron configurations tend to exhibit similar properties).

Interpreting atomic spectra.

This notation for the distribution of electrons in the atomic orbitals of atoms came into practice shortly after the Bohr model of the atom was presented by Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr in the year 1913.


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