# what is coordinate geometry

## Answers

**Answer:**

Coordinate geometry (or analytic geometry) is defined as the study of geometry using the coordinate points. Using coordinate geometry, it is possible to find the distance between two points, dividing lines in m:n ratio, finding the mid-point of a line, calculating the area of a triangle in the Cartesian plane, etc.

**Answer:**

**Step-by-step explanation:**

Coordinate geometry (or analytic geometry) is defined as the study of geometry using the coordinate points. Using coordinate geometry, it is possible to find the distance between two points, dividing lines in m:n ratio, finding the mid-point of a line, calculating the area of a triangle in the Cartesian plane, etc. There are certain terms in Cartesian geometry that should be properly understood. These terms include:

Coordinate Geometry Terms

Coordinate Geometry Definition It is one of the branches of geometry where the position of a point is defined using coordinates.

What are the Coordinates? Coordinates are a set of values which helps to show the exact position of a point in the coordinate plane.

Coordinate Plane Meaning A coordinate plane is a 2D plane which is formed by the intersection of two perpendicular lines known as the x-axis and y-axis.

Distance Formula It is used to find the distance between two points situated in A(x1,y1) and B(x2,y2)

Section Formula It is used to divide any line into two parts, in m:n ratio

Mid-Point Theorem This formula is used to find the coordinates at which a line is divided into two equal halves.

What is a Co-ordinate and a Co-ordinate Plane?

You must be familiar with plotting graphs on a plane, from the tables of numbers for both linear and non-linear equations. The number line which is also known as a Cartesian plane is divided into four quadrants by two axes perpendicular to each other, labelled as the x-axis (horizontal line) and the y-axis(vertical line).

The four quadrants along with their respective values are represented in the graph below-

Quadrant 1 : (+x, +y)

Quadrant 2 : (-x, +y)

Quadrant 3 : (-x, -y)

Quadrant 4 : (+x, -y)

The point at which the axes intersect is known as the origin. The location of any point on a plane is expressed by a pair of values (x, y) and these pairs are known as the coordinates.

The figure below shows the Cartesian plane with coordinates (4,2). If the coordinates are identified, the distance between the two points and the interval’s midpoint that is connecting the points can be computed.