English, asked by Anonymous, 2 days ago



Answered by sofia310205


A Deputy Commissioner is the chief administrative and revenue officer of a district. The office of the deputy commissioner traces its origin to the district collector system of the early phase of British rule. The district supervisor was appointed with limited functions in 1769. Warren Hastings introduced the district collector system in 1772. The system was, however, repealed in the following year, but restored again in 1787.

Under the Regulation of 27 June 1787, the collector was vested with the powers of a judge and magistrate. The collector had also some authority over the police. With the introduction of the permanent settlement in Bengal in 1793, the collector was stripped of his judicial and police powers, but by 1831 he was reinvested with judicial powers. Since then, the collector was known in Bengal as the district magistrate and collector or just as the district magistrate.

The term deputy commissioner was used during the British colonial days in a different context to describe the chief revenue and executive officer of districts in what was known as non-regulation provinces.

The regulation provinces signified the settled areas of Bengal where a legalistic system based on comprehensive acts or regulations governed the working of the district administration.

The non-regulation provinces meant newly acquired territories which, because of unstable conditions, demanded a more authoritarian pattern of administration. In East Bengal districts, the appellation district magistrate and collector was uniformly used.

This is still the traditional and primary task of the Collector. As the head of the revenue administration of the district, his foremost task is the assessment and collection of land revenue. Khera points out two principles, which must be adhered to here.

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