Different wool producing animals (state by state).
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Class 7 Science.
Wool and Woollen textiles is a rural based, export oriented industry in which the organized sector, the decentralized sector, and the rural sector complement each other. India is 7th largest producer of wool and contributes 1.8 per cent to total world production of wool. In 2014/15, India achieved total wool production of 48 million tonnes, because of 3rd largest sheep population in the world. Out of this about 85 per cent is carpet grade wool, 5 per cent apparel grade and remaining 10 per cent coarser grade wool for making rough Kambals( blankets) .
Currently, Rajasthan is the largest wool producing state in India. There are 70 wool processing units in the state, and with over 15 million tonnes wool production ever year, Rajasthan represents over 30 per cent of the wool production in India. The state has eight different breeds of sheep that are well-known for producing high quality carpet wool.
According to the recent figures from the Government of India, the India’s top 10 wool producing states in 2014 and 2015 were Rajasthan, Karnataka, Jammu & Kashmir, Telangana, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
The top 5 states account for over 80 per cent of the total wool production in India, while the top 10 wool producing states represent nearly 95 per cent of the total wool production in the country. Punjab alone represents over 40 per cent woollen units in the country, while Haryana accounts for 27 per cent, Rajasthan for 10 per cent, and the remaining 23 per cent are for the remaining states.
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There are many states in India engaged in the production of wool such as Karnataka, Jammu & Kashmir, Telangana, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. But the state which produces the largest amount of wool is Rajasthan. Rajasthan faces adverse climatic conditions which results in the scarcity of water for the purpose of irrigation and a very low average annual rainfall. These conditions leave less scope for the agricultural activities in the state and hence, the people of Rajasthan shifted to animal husbandry, which contributes considerably to the gross domestic product of the state. The state has 70 wool processing units and produces more than 15 million tonnes of wool every year. Rajasthan shifted to animal husbandry, which contributes considerably to the gross domestic product of the state. The state has 70 wool processing units and produces more than 15 million tonnes of wool every year.Rajasthan is ranked third in the sheep population and accounted for nearly 14 percent of the total sheep population in the country. The average wool production in Rajasthan is about 1.12 kg per sheep every year. The state has eight different breeds of sheep that are popular for producing high-quality carpet wool which constitutes 85% of wool produced in the state.
During 2015-16, the wool production in Rajasthan was 13.4 thousand tonne, which estimated 30.73% of the total wool produced in India during the year. A decline of -7.59% in the production of wool was noticed during 2015-16 as compared to 2014-15. In 2016-17, the exports of readymade garments made of wool from India stood at US$ 215.19 Millions.